Lazarettos and epidemics in Greece (1821-1923): Available sources and archival silences.
Mr Yannis Gonatidis, Leda Papastefanaki and Maria PappaZoom
The declaration of the Greek Revolution (1821) led to the establishment of makeshift hospitals and rudimentary lazarettos in order to limit the transmission of epidemics that affected various areas of the Greek state. After the finalization of the borders of the independent Greek state (1832), lazarettos and quarantine services were established, mainly in important port-cities as well as in cities on the border with the Ottoman Empire. Greece's successive territorial expansions and annexations (1864 Ionian islands· 1881 Thessaly and the province of Arta· 1913 Epirus, Macedonia, Crete and islands of northeast Aegean· 1923 west Thrace) were constantly changing the network of lazarettos and quarantine services.
The aim of this paper is to present the available sources relating to the history of Lazarettos and Quarantine Services of the Greek State as well as the epidemics outbreak during the period 1821-1923. Moreover, we will address the “silences” of the archives; which histories have not been recorded or saved and why.
The primary sources available are the General State Archives, likewise private archives, newspapers, journals, travelogues, diaries, maps and paintings.
This paper is part of the research project “Geography of Surveillance. Lazarettos and Quarantine Services in the Greek State, 1821-1923” (https://www.ims.forth.gr/en/project/view?id=201).